As Joe Biden is about to become President ‘alternative facts’ weigh upon the US

Every four years on January 20, the US exercises a key tenet of democratic government: the peaceful transfer of power. This year, the scene looks a bit different.

By Jennifer S. Hunt

If the last US presidential inauguration in 2017 debuted the phrase “alternative facts”, the 2021 inauguration represents their deadly consequences.

After conspiracy-theory inspired violence laid siege to the Capitol Building where lawmakers met to confirm the election results, more than 20,000 troops now patrol the US Capitol to ensure the transition goes ahead smoothly against calls for insurrection.

The threat of disinformation and alternative facts has taken many forms over the past several years, from conspiracy theories about climate change to COVID-19, culminating in a 2019 FBI memo warning about the threat of “conspiracy-theory driven domestic extremists”, particularly around elections.

It follows years of warnings from national security practitioners and scholars about the growing risk of domestic extremists. More recently, as reported by the FBI and ASIO, these groups have used the global pandemic to recruit and radicalise new members, seizing on the isolation and uncertainty to offer a sense of community and clarity of purpose.

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The conspiracy theory that drove the violence at the Capitol Building has been building for the past four years. During this time, US President Donald Trump has decried any contest he does not win as fraudulent.

More recently, he has called his supporters to action, warning that there will be “no God” and “no country” without him as president. Though the attack only lasted a few hours, the consequences will linger for years.

As Joe Biden prepares to become the 46th president of the United States, managing the fallout from it will be one of his gravest challenges.

Read more: As US election day nears, the outcome won’t be simply a matter of political will

The long-standing threat of right-wing extremists

This threat appears to have been taken seriously by long-standing national security experts and scholars. But action against it was hindered under the Trump administration.

Starting in 2017, federal funding for tackling white nationalist and other far right extremist activity was cut, including university research and non-profit deradicalisation organisations such asLife After Hate

Last year, a whistleblower report from the Department of Homeland Security alleged senior intelligence officials were instructed to modify intelligence assessments to match Trump’s rhetoric and modify the section on White Supremacy in a manner that made the threat appear less severe.

During 2020, diverse groups stormed state legislative buildings to evade COVID-19 mitigation efforts and intimidate lawmakers at the behest of Trump.

Despite these public signs of growing extremist violence, even some lawmakers appeared to be caught unaware by the Capitol insurrection. In an opinion piece just after the event, Republican Senator Susan Collins wrote she first assumed the attack was coming from Iran.

Trump supporters breached the Capitol on January 6, claiming the election result was fradulent. AAP/AP/ John Nacion/STAR MAX/IPx

Trump has demonstrated that conspiracy theories can drive electoral and fundraising success. Having started his political campaign with the “birther” conspiracy theory, challenging the citizenship and eligibility of American-born Barack Obama, Trump also cast shadows over his Republican rivals, including Ted Cruz, by accusing Cruz’s father of being linked to the man who killed JFK.

Similarly, Trump will end his administration on a conspiracy theory, one that has already cost five lives. Despite recent backlash from business leaders in America, Trump fundraised more than $200 million after election night on the basis of his refusal to concede defeat.

Recent Congressional races have further demonstrated the success of Trump’s template. Holocaust-deniers in three states ran for office in 2018 (all as Republicans). Two of the newest members of Congress are members of QAnon, the inheritor of the “pizzagate” conspiracy theory, in which all who oppose Trump are deep state members of a international child sex trafficking cabal.

Read more: Why the alt-right believes another American Revolution is coming

The challenge ahead for Biden

Where then, does this leave policy-making on national and global issues that require sober reflection and good judgement?

Alternative facts have no place in good governance. Their purpose is only to destroy and divide. This is why disinformation has been pursued so aggressively by hostile foreign actors against the US, with Russian active measures detailed extensively by the Republican chaired Senate Intelligence Committee reports.

Voter fraud, one of the key narratives of Russian efforts in election interference in 2016, has now become mainstreamed in the Republican base, with nearly half of respondents expressing doubt about Biden’s win. Public assurances by Republican secretaries of state have had limited impact, culminating in Trump’s taped conversation in which he asks the Georgia Secretary of state to “find” 11,000 votes for him (to win).

Joe Biden should focus on repairing Americans’ frayed trust in institutions and rehabilitate America’s battered reputation. At the same time, he should lead with science and fact, most immediately in tackling the nation’s COVID crisis.

AAP/AP/Matt Slocum
One of Joe Biden’s first priorities should be repairing trust in American institutions.

Where conspiracy theories go hand in hand with corruption (such as Trump soliciting an election official to tamper with results), state authorities should pursue charges. Where disinformation has proven lucrative, tools should be explored to remove financial rewards. For instance, non-profit organisations that participated in or fundraised what the Joint Chiefs of Staff declared as “sedition and insurrection” could be stripped of protective tax status.

Some of these remedies lie firmly with Congress. Impeachment proceedings are already underway which could remove Trump’s ability to run in 2024. The 14th Amendment could be applied to expel or bar current office holders who participated in the insurrection from running for election again.

Read more: Trump is impeached again in historic vote. Now Republicans must decide the future of their party

Trump has recently condemned the violence done in his name. But he has not disavowed the rationale for it. His supporters within the Republican base, media and elected ranks continue to repeat his conspiracy theories on Fox “entertainment” shows, on AM radio, and now the halls of Congress. More than 100 US Representatives voted against certifying the ballots on which they themselves were elected.

The next few years will see investigations, commissions and reports detailing the failures that led up to the Capitol attacks. Any delay in accountability could see even more lives lost to conspiracy theories and those who profit from them.


First published at the Conversation, Wednesday 20 January 2021. See;

Published under a Creative Commons licence.


Jennifer. S. Hunt is a Lecturer in National Security, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University.

2 thoughts on “As Joe Biden is about to become President ‘alternative facts’ weigh upon the US

  1. There are various figures being given covering the monies the Trump PAC has received since election day, the above $200 million is as common as the $400 million also provided by news sources; I don’t think they’re contradictory necessarily as the PAC is I think broken into three parts for financial benefit. Trump can personally use only some of it, which may be the 200 figure.

    In any case, it’s a phenomenal sum raised in just weeks. The Bush’s had the oil companies, Trump had the internet. Republicans do know how to make the cash. Tempted to say that no wonder they think the election was stolen, because they know how to buy one.

    You’d wonder how the little guy donors are going to feel when they find out their money was taken for different purposes than they were sold, once the dust settles. But that’s a minor flutter in the fallout.

    So much talk around at present about conspiracy theories, the alt-right, extremist groups. They’re a severe threat at present, have been organising and growing, but they also are a distraction from the vast divide between the very wealthy and the very poor, as mentioned earlier. American poverty is frightening. It’s impossible to imagine how the US can stand on the world stage speaking of its qualities and powers, spending trillions on military, while kids go hungry, and the sick remain sick and largely unsupported. Yet the spectacular and sensational are rammed big into the headlines.

    This is not a good time to take impression from the US news. When the fantastic and the provoked settle, when the new administration begins being assessed, that’s when we’ll know if the US has finally come to the point of dealing with the root causes.

    So how did Donald go? This remark might be controversial and contested, and it doesn’t lessen the damages he’s done, but after four years I’d contend the US got off lightly. He is incompetent; that incompetence extends into being unable to produce more damage than he did. Self-obsession, too, took energy and focus from where harm could have gone. With all that power in his hands, he failed at failing.

    It’ll be interesting to see if the US constitution is strengthened.

    His final evening in the White House not spent sipping coke in celebration for his personal dreams fulfilled, how he imagined he’d go; instead spent with any lawyer who’d have him and imaginably a big bottle of anti-shake pills.

    All his life he has scrambled for attention and approval. Consider a moment how he felt as President with that all laid on by virtue of the office. He had arrived at his dream state of being. To him, the Presidency is his rightful state on earth.

    Now, gone.

    I don’t feel sorry for him, but I do wonder about mental illness and whether it is relevent here. I wonder if that will rise as a national discussion in the months and years ahead.

    But for now, brace for the pomp, the return to greatness, the most incredible story on earth, the Dream. The Star Spangled Banner from sea to shining sea.

    All Hollywood done … with especially framed camera shots.

    One would almost believe it.

  2. The concept of “fake news”, once known as bullshit, is not unknown, and not even new, to Australia. Politicians have taken a multi-party approach to its use, since Noah completed his first ballot paper, just before the rain.
    The anti-communist fear mongering of the fifties was one example, repeated in similar fashion with the Whitlam smears that led to The Dismissal, Howard’s “Children Overboard” lies (make that alternative truths) and recently Scomo’s “Nothing To See Here” responses to the Angus Taylor/Clover Moore scam and Bridget’s Sports Rorts.

    I apologise to supporters of conservative politics for the lack of left-wing representation in my list. It’s a product of personal bias, and a poor memory.

    Editor: Eddie Obeid and Joe Trapodi spring to mind in that regards Julian.

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